Update: Computer Software Tips - Computer Programming Languages

Programming languages provide various ways of specifying programs for computers to run. Unlike natural languages, programming languages are designed to permit no ambiguity and to be concise. They are purely written languages and are often difficult to read aloud. They are generally either translated into machine language by a compiler or an assembler before being run, or translated directly at run time by an interpreter. Sometimes programs are executed by a hybrid method of the two techniques. There are thousands of different programming languages—some intended to be general purpose, others useful only for highly specialized applications.

Lists of Programming Languages
Timeline of programming languages
Categorical list of programming languages
Generational list of programming languages
Alphabetical list of programming languages
Non-English-based programming languages

Commonly used Assembly languages
An assembly language is a low-level language for programming computers. It implements a symbolic representation of the numeric machine codes and other constants needed to program a particular CPU architecture.
ARM, MIPS, x86

Commonly used High level languages
A high-level programming language is a programming language that, in comparison to low-level programming languages, may be English-like, more abstract, easier to use, or more portable across platforms.
BASIC, C, C++, C#, COBOL, Fortran, Java, Lisp, Pascal

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